Fibroids are firm tumors that grow out of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue in the uterus. Up to 50% of women have fibroids, which are believed to develop due to the influence of estrogen on cellular growth.
Fibroids are extremely common in women who are approaching the age of menopause. The most common symptoms include:
- Heavy periods
- Bleeding between periods
- Pelvic pain caused by the tumor pressing on organs
- Need to urinate often
- Pain in the lower back or during intercourse
- A palpable mass
We use transvaginal ultrasounds, as well as an exam, to diagnose fibroids and work to develop a treatment plan that will work to improve not just how you feel, but also your quality of life.
Treatment options include:
- Hysterectomy – removal of the uterus
- Conservative surgical therapy – surgical removal of the fibroids so a woman can get pregnant in the future
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists – creates an artificial menopause by decreasing estrogen levels
- Anti-hormonal agents – use of drugs to oppose estrogen
- Uterine artery embolization – minimally invasive procedure that cuts off the blood supply to fibroids, which causes them to shrink