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Long-Acting Contraception Implant insertion

Women who are looking to hold off their family planning for more than a couple of years, but don’t want to bother having to remember to take a pill, are usually candidates for long-acting reversible contraceptive.

This form of contraceptive gives women the freedom to undergo a simple procedure that is painless, yet provides them with years of contraceptive protection until they’re ready to start a family.

IUD

The IUD – intrauterine device – is a simple device inserted through the cervix that prevents pregnancy. There are two types of IUDs:

  • Hormonal: These IUDs, such as Mirena, emit a combination of hormones that prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulation. Mirena lasts up to 5 years.
  • Non-hormonal: The most common form of non-hormonal IUDs is Paragard. This IUD changes the chemical makeup of your uterus and makes it inhospitable to sperm. The Paragard IUD can last up to 10 years.

Implant

Implanon and Nexplanon are the most common forms of implant birth control. These are placed below the surface of the skin and are hormonally based. They let off a certain amount of hormones that help regulate your cycle and halt ovulation, thus preventing pregnancy. Implant birth control is effective for up to 4 years.

This form of birth control is 99% effective and recommended for women who are in a monogamous relationship. For those who have multiple partners, the use of condoms is still recommended to avoid contracting STDs.

Advantages:

  • Fit and forget
  • Long lasting
  • You control when it is taken out

Disadvantages:

  • Possibility for irregular periods in the first 6 months
  • Irregular periods throughout lifetime of implant (rare)
  • Removal can be difficult
  • Can feel under skin